New york ratification essays

About one-third of the battles of the American Revolutionary War took place in New York; the first major battle after . independence was declared—and the largest battle of the entire war—was fought in New York at the Battle of Long Island (. Battle of Brooklyn ) in August 1776. After their victory, the British occupied New York City, making it their military and political base of operations in North America for the duration of the conflict, and consequently the focus of General George Washington 's intelligence network . On the notorious British prison ships of Wallabout Bay , more American combatants died of intentional neglect than were killed in combat in every battle of the war, combined. Both sides of combatants lost more soldiers to disease than to outright first of two major British armies were captured by the Continental Army at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, a success that influenced France to ally with the state constitution was enacted in 1777. New York became the 11th state to ratify the United States Constitution , on July 26, 1788.

On December 15, 1791, when the final votes from all the states were counted, the last 10 of the 12 articles were ratified. They became the first 10 amendments to the . Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights . The first two articles were not ratified by the required three-quarters majority of states. Article I, which New York did ratify, would have enlarged the House of Representatives in increments from the original body of 65 to 100 and then to 200, after which Congress would regulate the size of the House with no more than one representative for each 50,000 people in a state. The second article, which New York did not ratify at the time, regulated the ability of Congress to alter its members' salaries. This article was eventually ratified on May 7, 1992, as the 27th Amendment to the Constitution.

The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787 was full of conflict and compromise. Yet as the convention drew to a close, some of the biggest debates were just beginning. According to the Constitution, nine of the thirteen states needed to ratify the document before it could go into effect (although most acknowledged that without the support of all the states, the government would struggle with legitimacy). It would take almost three years for all thirteen states to ratify the Constitution. Some states ratified quickly, with little debate. But some of the most powerful states including Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York, became battlegrounds between those who supported ratification of the Constitution, the Federalists, and those who opposed it, the Anti-Federalists. New York was the last of those states to ratify the Constitution with a close vote of 30 in favor and 27 against. New York delegates joined in the call for a Bill of Rights to be added to the Constitution as a condition for ratification.

Here Madison argued that a larger republic would not lead to greater abuse of power (as had traditionally been thought), but actually could work to make a large national republic a defense against tyranny. Madison explained that the large scope of the national republic would prevent local interests from rising to dominance and therefore the larger scale itself limited the potential for abuse of power. By including a diversity of interests (he identified agriculture, manufacturing, merchants, and creditors, as the key ones), the different groups in a larger republic would cancel each other out and prevent a corrupt interest from controlling all the others.

New york ratification essays

new york ratification essays

Here Madison argued that a larger republic would not lead to greater abuse of power (as had traditionally been thought), but actually could work to make a large national republic a defense against tyranny. Madison explained that the large scope of the national republic would prevent local interests from rising to dominance and therefore the larger scale itself limited the potential for abuse of power. By including a diversity of interests (he identified agriculture, manufacturing, merchants, and creditors, as the key ones), the different groups in a larger republic would cancel each other out and prevent a corrupt interest from controlling all the others.

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